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Visual Studio+ReSharper-level Productivity in VSCode

Update 2017-05-22: This post originally written for a project.json .NET Core project. It has been edited for a .csproj .NET Core project.

Visual Studio Code (aka VSCode) is a lightweight text editor from Microsoft. Many people think just because it is a “text-editor”, they will be missing the features they are used to from an IDE like Visual Studio. With the proper configuration, VSCode can be a very powerful tool.

Setup

VSCode by default doesn’t come with the tools necessary to build .NET Core projects. The following setup will be necessary to get the editor, compiler, and extension necessary to get you closer to an IDE experience.

To install an extension, open the Command Palette (cmd+shift+p), remove the >, and run ext install csharp.

Note: While this tutorial is cross-platform , all given commands are using Mac OS X key bindings. For Windows and Linux, replace cmd with ctrl.

Key Bindings

Command Palette

The most important key binding in VSCode is cmd+shift+p, which brings up the Command Palette, similar to Sublime Text. Why is it so important? Hitting those keys brings up a search box that allows you to start typing a command like “ext” for “Extensions: Install Extensions” or “build” for “Tasks: Run Build Task”.

Shell

You will frequently need to run shell commands within VSCode. ctrl+` toggles an in-editor shell.

ReSharper Bindings

Where would each of us be without alt+enter, ReSharper’s quick fix and context actions key binding? Just because you don’t have ReSharper doesn’t mean your life is over (even though some people might think that). Common ReSharper operations are supported in VSCode, and these operations can be bound to custom key bindings, which allows us to roughly mirror the ReSharper plugin in VSCode. The below are the most common ReSharper key bindings I use. You can use the Command Palette to search for “Preferences: Open Keyboard Shortcuts”.

Command ReSharper VSCode default
Quick Fix alt+enter cmd+.
Go to anything cmd+n cmd+p
Go to symbol cmd+shift+alt+n cmd+t
Go to declaration cmd+b f12
Go to file cmd+n cmd+p
Go to file member cmd+f12 shift+cmd+o
Parameter info cmd+p shift+cmd+space
Find usages alt+f7 shift+f12
Run all tests cmd+t l N/A

VSCode key bindings reference: https://code.visualstudio.com/docs/customization/keybindings
ReSharper key bindings reference: https://www.jetbrains.com/resharper/docs/ReSharper_DefaultKeymap_IDEAscheme.pdf

Building and Debugging .NET Core Applications

This is it. The moment you’ve been waiting for. Using VSCode as an IDE.

Creating a .NET Core Project

VSCode doesn’t have a UI to create new projects, since it is file and folder based. However, we can use the in-editor shell to create a project after creating a folder.

Note that the above requires code to be in your path. You can do this via searching “PATH” in the Command Palette.

Once we are in VSCode, run the following in the in-editor shell to create a new .NET Core command line project

You might see: “Required assets to build and debug are missing from your project. Add them?” Select “Yes”.

Building and Debugging

The building and debugging key bindings are the typical bindings from Visual Studio.

To debug, set a breakpoint and hit F5. It’s really that easy!

NuGet

Now that we are able to debug a .NET Core application, let’s walk through the common task of adding a NuGet dependency.

VSCode doesn’t come with a NuGet client by default, so let’s install one via ext install vscode-nuget-package-manager.

To install a NuGet package:

  • Open the Command Palette and search for “NuGet Package Manager: Add Package” and hit enter
  • Enter a search term and hit enter (e.g. “json”)
  • Select a package from the list and hit enter (e.g. “Newtonsoft.Json”)
  • Select a version from the list and hit enter (e.g. 9.0.1)
  • Select a project to add the reference to
  • Run dotnet restore in the in-editor shell as prompted by the NuGet extension

Alternatively, you can use the dotnet NuGet commands directly:

Be aware that not all NuGet packages are compatible with .NET Core. See this awesome list of packages that support .NET Core. Hint: your favorite packages are probably there.

Testing

“The code is not done until the tests run” – A person

Now that we have a .NET Core project with a NuGet package reference, let’s add a test.

Set up

We need to install the following NuGet packages:

  • NUnit
  • NUnit3TestAdapter, at least version 3.8.0-alpha1

The following will have to be added to .vscode/tasks.json:

Note: You may be able to run dotnet new -t xunittest or dotnet new -t nunittest depending on what version of dotnet you have installed. The bleeding edge can be installed from the GitHub page.

Running the Test

Now we can add the simplest failing test:

Now when we hit cmd+t l, our test will fail!

Debugging the Test

If you prefer to use xUnit (see: dotnet-test-xunit) you can easily run or debug the test by simply selecting the corresponding option in the editor. Unfortunately, debugging with NUnit isn’t quite as simple yet, and currently requires a convoluted process. See this GitHub issue that addresses this.

Conclusion

VSCode out-of-the-box won’t give you everything you need to be fully productive with .NET Core, but with some setup you should be up and running in no time. Do you have any VSCode tips and tricks of your own that I didn’t mention? Please comment below and share.

Summary of Setup

  • Joel Harkes

    I have to say vscode might be a nice text editor with quite some intellisence but it doesn’t come close for a real resharpen power user. For example: no extract interface, linq conversion, help attributes, and is there even a copy too new file (if you have two classes in one file)?

    So in short yes vs code is a nice Editor (even an ide I would say). But proclaiming it already has resharper functionality is bogus. (Im a resharper (power) user)

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